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Transcribed by Glenda Brack and sent via email 25 May 2004 to Chip Culpepper

March 12, 1902 edition of LaFayette Sun (LaFayette, Chambers County, Alabama)

The LaFayette Sun
March 12, 1902


The 37th Alabama Regiment.

My Dear Comrades:

Never since the close of the war, in 1865, has there been such a general disposition to get up individual history of members and commands in the Confederate service.

We are beginning to realize that soon, ah! soon there will be no living witnesses to give evidence and relate incidents which occurred during those trying days.

We are proud of our history and doubtless every member of the 37th Alabama Regiment and children of those dead would like to transmit to their descendents and future generations a history giving the names and deeds of valor of fathers and grandfathers. I shall commence a history of the regiment in the first issue of the paper. Weekly Enterprise, in April 1902. I propose to give:

1. The organization of the regiment with roster of regimental officers.

2. Muster roll of Co. "A" with history of its organization and movements up to the day of regimental organization. A like history of each company in its order down to Co. "K" will follow. I propose to give our brigade and division organization. After this will follow a history of the regiment from the day the regiment was formed at Auburn, Ala., to the close of the war when we were surrendered at Greensboro, N.C.

Now, as I shall publish this history in detail, giving places, dates, accounts and descriptions of battles, etc., you will recall to mind many things that will be of interest, and I ask you to write same to me and I will include it.

Any incident that occurred during our time of service that you recollect, if you will send it to me, I will insert your name as author. Many of our comrades, who made as good soldiers as ever shouldered a musket, after returning home commenced the battle of life and have been successful in a business way. My dear comrades, did you know that the 37th Alabama Regiment never had a member shot for desertion or subjected to any harsh or severe punishment for lack of bravery or failure to duty? It is so, and we should be proud to transmit such history to our posterity.

I desire the present post office address of every surviving member of the regiment, also the name and address of the wives or children of those fellow comrades who dies or were killed during the war, as well as those who have died since. After getting up the history in our paper, we propose to put it in book form and furnish it to everyone who desires it at cost. We expect to have in the book the photograph of our old "Battle Flag" with her tattered folds, together with the likeness of all the officers from Maj. Gen. H. D. Clayton down, as well as the privates, if we can secure them and we expect to spare no pains or trouble in getting them.

My dear old boys, when you read this, write me at once and let me know your will and pleasure.

T. J. Carlisle, Lt. Co. "I" & Brig. Ord. Officer, Enterprise, Ala.


The following articles transcribed by C.C. (Chip) Culpepper, March & April 1999 from Xeroxed copies of the original text supplied by Herb Griffin and others from Debra Denard. Editor’s (Culpepper’s) marks/comments are indicated by the use of italic type within brackets, e.g. {italicized words}, otherwise the text appears as it was written by T.J. Carlisle in 1902.

{WEEKLY ENTERPRISE
ENTERPRISE, ALABAMA
T.J. Carlisle, editor, from unknown date, but after August 7, 1902}


HISTORY
Of 37th Alabama
Regiment.

No. 7.


Aug. 22, 1862. Have no appetite; high fever. It is very dry and dusty. Soda is worth two dollars per pound. About twelve o’clock to-day an order came to Regimental Headquarters assigning the writer to duty upon staff of Brigadier General Martin, as Ordnance Officer and Inspector General of the Brigade. Reported immediately to General Martin, who instructed me to order a detail of three men with four days’ rations to go to Verona and have ordnance stores shipped to Saltillo for use of Brigade. James T. Brooks, John P. K. Spence and Dave McMurry, of Company "D" accompanied the writer to Verona on freight train at six o’clock p. m.

We delivered to Capt. Price, Ordnance Officer at Tupelo, a sword captured on battle-field at Shiloh, by General Martin. We arrived at Verona about nine o’clock.

Next day being Sunday we could not attend to our mission. We attended Sabbath school and preaching.

Aug. 23. We commenced work early and had ordnance stores put in the car, ready to hitch on to three o’clock train. Stopped at Tupelo about one hour waiting for the passenger train to pass. During the time Jno. Spence, J. T. Brooks and the writer walked out to view the soldiers’ grave-yard. A vast number of soldiers were there, mostly Tennesseeans, occasionally two in the same grave. We walked reverently among the rough and lonely mounds of the heroic dead. No marble shafts mark the last resting place of these soldier boys. But there is a solitary grandeur rising from the soldiers’ graves, which far exceed the towering monuments reared by pomp and gold. While there is honor in being buried upon the battle field or in the soldiers’ cemetery, yet every soldier prefers having his last resting place in the graveyard at home, where dear ones may resort and spread flowers of never fading love and affection.

Aug. 24. Two men from Capt. Hamner’s Company, "B," who had been absent for three days, came in to-day and reported that they had been captured by Yankee pickets and released on parole.

Nothing of importance happened from the 24th to 29th except vague rumors about Bragg’s advance movements in Tennessee and the steel-clad fleet at the mouth of the Mississippi river. Telegrams bring the news of defeat and killing of General Pope, and capture of thirty-seven prisoners. Our victory is completed.

Sept. 3. W. P. Spratling left for home in Chambers county, having employed a substitute. We sent all trunks and extra bagging home by Spratling, orders having been issued reducing baggage of both men and officers.

T. J. CARLISLE


{WEEKLY ENTERPRISE
ENTERPRISE, ALABAMA
T.J. Carlisle, editor from unknown date, but after August 7, 1902}


HISTORY
Of 37th Alabama
Regiment.

No. 8.


Sept. 4. Writer was very busy all day turning over ordnance stores, such as could not be carried on wagons to post. Ordnance Officer was sick with high fever during the entire day and continuing through the night following rendering him next day unable for duty. On the morning of September 6 was moved across the railroad with the other sick of the command to Brigade Hospital, then in charge of Dr. J. W. Oslin, Surgeon 37th Alabama Regiment. Captain Talbot’s resignation, which was forwarded about the last of July, was heard from to-day. It was accepted which makes Lieutenant Griffin Captain of Company "I," according to law of promotion, and writer 1st Lieutenant, and J. L. Hunter 2nd Lieutenant. The company will elect 2d Junior Lieutenant when the commands stop long enough for the election to be ordered. On the evening of the 6th orders to cook three days’ rations and be ready to take up line of march by seven o’clock next morning. Indications for active work are now seen in all the movements in this department of the army. At seven o’clock a. m. Martin’s Brigade moved off in the direction of Corinth, where warm times are expected in a few days.

The position of Ordnance Officer of the Brigade was, by order, filled temporarily. The writer spent several days at Hospital of which he is incompetent to report by reason of his condition caused by what is called Camp Fever. When we recovered sufficiently, the writer was carried out in the country to Mr. McCulloch’s, where we received all the attention and favors the good old gentleman and family could bestow upon us. Capt. J. C. Kendrick, Lieutenant Jas. Burnett, of Company "C" 37th Alabama, were at Mrs. McCoy’s near by. Lieutenant Tom Harrell of Company "G" also spent a few days at Mr. McCulloch’s. The private soldiers are not allowed this privilege which is hard, yet it may be thought best, for if all were permitted to leave hospitals the necessary medical attention could not be given to them. The writer reported to Hospital Headquarters and obtained a transfer to Montgomery Hospital. When we got on board the train, September 24th, at Saltillo, we found Lieutenant Colonel Greene of the 37th Alabama and Captain W. B. Greene, of the same Regiment, who had been wounded at battle of Iuka, and were on their way home on leave of absence. We traveled on finely, and on reporting to hospital at Montgomery, were granted leave of absence of sixty days. We weighed at Montgomery and found our weight to be 116 1/2 against 158 pounds when we entered service. We returned to the command and rejoined the {missing section}

The following incidents were written down as obtained from the boys, who were with the regiment during the absence of the writer:

On the 19th of September the Company and Regiment fought their first battle at Iuka, and nobly sustained the fair name of old Alabama. The officers and men all behaved well, especially our Colonel, J. F. Dowdell, who dismounted amid the thickest of the fight, with head uncovered and hat in hand, lead the boys on to victory. Whilst the tall, erect dauntless Alex Greene, Lieutenant Colonel, with an eagle-like eye, observed every motion and act of this own, ready to direct, order and command. So was the Major W. F. Slaton at his post, armed and equipped for any emergency. So we will close this short eulogy of officers, by saying that private soldiers deserve more credit for their valor and bravery than officers. The private soldier has no position or office, the pride of which impels him forward, but is actuated alone by the noble sense of duty, which R. E. Lee says, "is the sublimest word in the English language."

In the Iuka engagement the Regiment lost fifty-five men killed and wounded. Sergeant W. B. Brooks had two fingers shot off. The following were captured; Jas. C. Lee, G. F. Carlisle, Wm. P. McCarley, Sergeant W. B. Brooks, Wm. Carlisle, E .B. McCarley, Henry Seegraves, G. V. McCormick, J. T. Wooddy and Jno. Walton, John Calhoun, missing. They were paroled, but were soon ordered to Jackson, Mississippi, by order of General Greene, to be exchanged. A few days after the Iuka fight our regiment was in a three days’ engagement at Cor- {missing section}

Company ("I") that we know of, Jas. Smith has never been heard from since Jas. O. Gardner was left on the road side going to Corinth and never heard from. W. L. Dorman’s arm amputated at shoulder which caused death. John T. Creshire wounded in wrist. Sergeant H. C. Crayton in arm; Lieutenant J. T. Hunter on top of head; H. W. Garlington, W. W. Still, W. S. McDairmid and E. T. Slaughter were taken prisoners, General Martin, Captain Warner Meadors and Kennedy killed.

T. J. CARLISLE

WEEKLY ENTERPRISE
ENTERPRISE, ALABAMA
T.J. Carlisle, editor

{unknown date in 1902}

The members of this Company who are living and were present at our meeting at Lafayette in August in 1885, will recollect that I had published in the Lafayette papers the above muster roll giving opposite each name anything that happened during the war to such member. You will, also, recall the scene that followed when Jack Summers and Walt Harman unfurled our old Battle Flag to the immense crowd that thronged around. How some shouted - some cried - some called out - "Pass it this way, I want to lay my hands on it one more time."

Though dumb and without speech that old battle flag aroused the patriotic emotions of that large crowd more than the eloquence of mortal tongues. Some poor mothers whose sons had fallen beneath its folds would clasp it while tears of bitter anguish would stream down their eyes, yet deep down in their hearts there dwelt a soothing consciousness that my boy died for his country. In the history that I shall publish will appear all the personal happenings. In the next issue will appear the muster roll of company K which will close the rolls of the regiment. I will then take up the history of the regiment where I left off. I will enclose in this issue of the paper a supplement to the members of the regiment.

T. J. CARLISLE

---------------------------
WEEKLY ENTERPRISE
ENTERPRISE, ALABAMA
T.J. Carlisle, editor

{unknown date in 1902 but copied on same page with May 8 1902 article}

Attention! Survivors of 37th Alabama Regiment.

I am writing a history of the regiment and I will give a full and complete account of the command from "start to finish" if the surviving members will aid us.

Write us and give names and P.O. Address of children of those who were killed or died since the war closed. Give us any account of all the incidents you can recall to mind.

Remember, dear comrades, that the voices of those gallant heroes who fell by our side are hushed in death and their deeds of valor can only be handed down to their children and coming generations through you. Will you refuse or fail to discharge this sacred duty? Soon we will follow them after we have fought the last battle of life, and if we fail to leave our history written, it will be lost forever.

T J Carlisle


WEEKLY ENTERPRISE
ENTERPRISE, ALABAMA
T.J. Carlisle, editor

Unknown date in 1902, detailing the formation of Company I


{apparently lengthy missing section above page break}
... explaining the object of the same, put the name of Britain Stamps in nomination as Chairman. On motion Brittain Stamps was unanimously elected Chairman. John C Towles was elected Secretary.

After calling the three rolls sixty-eight names were enrolled as members to constitute the Company then about to organize.

The following resolution was then offered and unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That each member of this organization hereby pledges his sacred word and honor to go with the Company whether he be an officer or private in the ranks.
An election by ballot was then ordered by the Chairman for each office in the Company, which resulted as follows:
James A Talbot—Captain.
Dr. J W Oslin—1st Lieutenant.
T J Griffin— 2d Lieutenant.
T J Carlisle—2d Jr Lieutenant
H B Wooddy—O Sergt.
J H Barnes—2d Sergt.
R H Boyd—3d Sergt.
Jas F Moore—4th Sergt.
Wm W Still—5th Sergt.
Isaac W Stamps—1st Corporal.
W S Ozley—2d Corpl.
William F Walton—3d Corpl.
E B McCarley—4th Corpl.

Only three of these officers are now living—Dr J W Oslin, T J Carlisle and W W Still.

Each member was then ordered and commissioned as recruiting officer to fill up ranks of the company to the required number, under army regulations, and report success Monday next.

When Monday came no recruits joined, and the company came well nigh dissolving on the proposition to go into camps with the skeleton of a company. Some feared we would be consolidated with other companies and thereby lose our organization. Others feared we would be sent on immediately after being mustered into service, to recruit other old companies then in service, and whose ranks had been decimated by the late battles.

After discussing all these and other probabilities, it was agreed by a bare majority, to take up the line of march to Cusseta, where the company was to be mustered into service of the Confederate States by Major Alex A Greene. When the time came to go to Cusseta the citizens came in the town of Lafayette with carriages and buggies to convey the boys to the railroad. We left not knowing that we would ever again walk the streets of Lafayette, or look into the faces of loved ones. Mothers, wives, sisters and lovers would {missing section from the top of the adjoining column} days Maj AA Greene came down and entered into an agreement with Col Dowdell to unite their companies and form a Regiment.

Capt Talbot’s Company, "I" not yet being large enough to constitute a full company, some recruiting officers of the Company were sent home to recruit but the spirit of recruiting, being at such low ebb, they did nothing. But in the meantime the confederate Congress passed on 15th of April what was known as the Conscript Law, after which they filled to the maximum number in a few days.

Nothing of importance transpired then for several days. Drilling and regular guard duty was the order. The Governor sent several cadets from the State University to drill such companies as had officers who could not drill their companies, not being familiar with military tactics. The boys called these cadets "Jay Birds." On the 10th of May orders to organize a regiment were received. The election resulted in the choice of Hon J F Dowdell, Col; Maj A A Greene, Lt Col; Dr J W Amarine, Capt Co "K," Pike county Major.

On the 10th of May orders to organize a regiment were received… In a few days the following regimental staff was announced:
Dr J W Oslin—Surgeon.
Dr Neal—Assistant Surgeon.
Capt J C Lewis—Quarter Master.
J C Meadows—Adjutant.
T L Samford—Sergt Major.
Kennedy—Regt Fifer.
A J Callahan—Regt Drummer.
Robt Moore—Bass.
J M Trammell—Mail Carrier.

 

37th Alabama Regiment of Volunteer Infantry CSA
2300 Cottondale Lane Little Rock, AR 72202
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